Out of the many issues facing children in the U.S. today, the most crucial include the rapid raising of childhood obesity, in-school and community violence, and early puberty. There are several aims and goals that branch from the development of physical education. Some goals include affective growth, movement skill acquisition, cognitive learning, physical activity, and fitness enhancement. Biology of the individual, conditions of the learning envirnoment, and requirements of the movement task are all factors that explain the relationships that lead to the development of the whole child. Individual appropriateness is based on the concept that each child has unique timing and patterns of growth and development. These activies are geared towards each child's particular stage of development. Age-group appropriateness is based on both age and grade level. This develops a pattern of behaviors to emerge that are typical of specific age groups; this is benchmark type of concept, basing what children are taught off of what is normal for that age group.
Fundamental movement skills of locomotion include hopping, jumping, and leaping. Examples of manipulative include throwing, kicking, and bouncing. Axial, static, and dynamic movements are all patterns of stability that can be observed. Bending and turning are included in axial movements, while rolling and dodging are examples of static and dynamic postures. Physical fitness is defined by the combination of health and performance related fitness.